gas fired industrial water boiler

gas fired industrial water boiler

The preparation you need to do before the boiler is installed

The boiler is a device that supplies steam and hot water for industrial production or daily life. After the company purchases the boiler model, it needs to consider the installation problem. The installation of the boiler is directly related to the important steps of the smooth operation of the boiler, except for the installation of the auxiliary machine. Also need to pay attention to the preparation before installation.

1. Handling the registration of natural gas boiler installation: According to the “Safety Supervision Regulations for Steam Boilers”, the units that use the boilers should go through the registration procedures one by one. The boiler use unit shall have a person responsible for the boiler installation work, responsible for contacting the local boiler supervision agency and filling out the installation notice. When the boiler is installed, it must be attended by a furnace, and it is equipped with a pipeman, a fitter, a hoist, a cold workman, an electric welder and an auxiliary worker.

2. Determine the installation location and qualification of the boiler to determine the installation location. The boiler installation unit must have a boiler installation qualification certificate issued by the superior authority in accordance with the installation scope.

3. Inspection of boilers and accessories: Before the installation of natural gas boilers, the boiler body, combustion equipment, components, natural gas boiler auxiliary machines and accessories shall be inspected and accepted according to the drawings, and records shall be made. If it is found that the relevant standards are not met, it shall be promptly submitted to the factory. .

What is the principle of the boiler? No matter how much the tonnage, the boiler works basically the same. Role of the boiler fuel chemical energy is converted into thermal energy, heating and heat inside the pot with water to become superheated steam having a mass and a sufficient amount (steam temperature, steam pressure) of the steam turbine for use. Now the power plant boiler capacity, high parameters, technical complexity, high levels of mechanization and automation, the main fuel is coal, and coal prior to combustion of pulverized coal first made, and then into the boiler combustion heat release in the furnace. Broadly speaking, the work process is the main boiler fuel combustion, heat transfer, vaporization and heating of the water with the superheated steam and the like. The entire boiler boiler composed of two parts and auxiliary equipment. Boiler: boiler body is the main part of the boiler equipment, is composed of two parts, "pot" and "furnace" composition. "Pot" is the soda system which main task is to attract the heat receiving fuel discharged, the water is heated, evaporated and finally becomes superheated steam having certain parameters. It consists economizer, the drum, the downcomer, the header, water wall, superheater and reheater connecting pipes and other equipment and valves. 1) economizer. Vertically positioned rear of the boiler flue, the use of flue gas waste heat boiler feed water, reducing the exhaust gas temperature, increase boiler efficiency, fuel economy (2) drum. At the top of the boiler, it is a cylindrical pressure vessel, which is under water, the upper portion of the steam is that it accepts the economizer runoff, while the downcomer composed header, Wall water circulation circuit. Wall water absorbs heat generated in the soda mixture was collected in the drum, conveyed by the saturated steam to the superheater steam-water separator (3) downcomer. Water supply pipe water wall, the effect of which is introduced into the water in the steam drum to the lower header redistribution respective waterwall tubes. Dispersion in small diameter and the large diameter downcomers Downcomer two kinds. Small diameter tubular small diameter drops, the water cycle of negative (4) waterwall lower header. The main role of the header is a mass pooled or working fluid through the header to the header redistributed through other conduits. A water wall is thicker lower header tube closed at both ends, its role is connected to the downcomer and the water-cooled wall, so as to function together, mixing, redistribution effect working medium (5) water wall. At the furnace around its main task is to absorb radiant heat of the oven, to evaporate water, which is the main heating surface modern boilers, while protecting the furnace wall (6) superheater. Its role is to drum saturated steam into superheated steam on heating (7) having a predetermined temperature reheater. Its role is done in the steam turbine power section is heated up again, and then continue to work in the steam turbine. "Furnace" is the combustion system, its task is to make the fuel burn in a good furnace, heat. It consists of the furnace, the burner, ignition means, air preheater, the smoke duct and the furnace wall, frame and other components. (1) furnace. It is transferred from the furnace wall and into the water wall for fuel combustion, the fuel combustion in suspension, the release of large amounts of heat within the space. (2) burners. Located on the furnace walls or corners, its role is the fuel and air injected into the furnace at a constant speed, so that it can be well mixed in a furnace in order to ensure timely ignition and rapid and complete fuel combustion. DC sub-burner and swirl burner two basic types. (3) air preheater. Located in the boiler backpass, whose role is to use waste heat of flue gas to heat the fuel required for the combustion air, exhaust gas temperature can be further reduced not only, but also for strengthening the furnace combustion, improve the economy of combustion, pulverized coal drying and conveying is advantageous of. Boiler efficiency can be increased by 2%. And rotary two kinds of charge. (4) smoke duct. From the furnace wall is a pipe, the pipe heating surface and the portion of the tube wall and other components of the package, for guiding the flow of flue gas through the heat exchanger and the respective heating surface, and is divided into horizontal flue backpass. Auxiliary ventilation apparatus comprises auxiliary equipment (delivery, induced draft fan), a fuel transportation equipment, milling system, in addition to ash and dust removal equipment, desulfurization equipment.

The main reason gas steam boiler produces smoke which fuel gas steam boiler main cause of smoke. A fuel gas steam boiler: oil, gas oil quality is not good when the gas contains more water, reduce the heat value of the fuel, while producing steam, the furnace temperature tends to decrease, making it difficult to burn, easy to produce smoke. Water and more oil, mainly when unloading rain water into the oil during heating the oil in water vapor penetration. When the oil contains impurities, the impurities unburned produce fine coke, the coke into fine smoke, dust becomes large, and the formation of soot. Impurities contained in the oil and gas, but also affect the pure oil and pure combustion gas generated soot. Oil impurities, mainly due to inappropriate choice of filters or filter difference impurity removal effect. Second, the failure of the fuel atomizing nozzle member main burner fuel oil atomizing nozzle. Atomizing oil burner nozzle fails, affecting the quality of the atomization, easy to poor combustion. 1, the adhesiveness between the bonding surface of the oil and the consequences of failure oil atomizers swirl atomizers and the splitter plate well, leakage will occur, atomized large oil particles, increasing the amount of fuel injection and the like. In this case serious deterioration of the quality of the combustion, the oil droplets have landed on the water wall, stacking up oil coke, partially unburned black smoke into droplets. The tangential swirl chip groove clogging mist causes uneven density distribution in the dense side of the oil mist, combustion air be insufficient. In the more dilute side of the oil mist, combustion air causes severe local excess. Mixed with oil, wind conditions deteriorated significantly, combustion conditions deteriorate, resulting in black smoke. 2, spray atomization slice failure and the consequences of failure to clogging and wear. Nozzle clogging, resulting in blockage of the fuel injection quantity is not glib increase, oil particle size thicker, the effect of fuel poor and black smoke. Wear injection port, a large hole diameter, increasing the amount of fuel injection, increasing the particle size of oil affect combustion efficiency, produce black smoke. The use of artificial gas burner, naphthalene and tar and other impurities will block the nozzles, the influence of gas distribution, resulting in black smoke. Should therefore be cleaned regularly, or clogging of the selected burner. 3, the partition partitioning poor poor, insufficient supply of air into and excess. The amount of air can not meet the requirements of the fuel combustion, so that combustion of fuel can not be sufficiently black smoke. The amount of air, will result in lower combustion temperature, black smoke and fuel difficult to burn. 4, the furnace temperature is too low when starting the furnace, fuel oil steam boiler furnace temperature is too low due to easy black smoke. 5, the furnace hearth product oil is sometimes caused by internal combustion nozzle oil accumulated inside the chamber, the oil reservoir coke black smoke at high temperature. Causes dripping of fuel combustion nozzle: ① The drip just work, just at the operating pressure is too low, the oil will flow from the nozzle, instead of the discharge. The reason for low oil pressure is a solenoid valve, the valve is clogged filter or the like or failure caused by contamination. ② In the dripping process work, probably because the relative position of burner nozzle mounting head too far, improper ignition electrode position, the oil into the atomizer, the nozzle holder is mounted is not tight, nozzle dirty, low oil pressure caused. ③ When the dripping stopped, because the line between the pump and the air nozzle, electromagnetic valve or a hydraulic valve or dirty failure. 6, the furnace flue purged countless consequences when the furnace flue remnants of oil and gas, when gas purging endless, high temperatures encountered in the explosion and black smoke. 7, the furnace smoke, sparks, the furnace pressure is too ①; ② inappropriate choice of the burner, the burner flame is too long or too much power; ③ improper combustion ratio, there are more to produce products of incomplete combustion; ④ atomization quality is not good nozzle or improper installation location, or affect the combustion flame into the furnace off port; ⑤ flue is blocked, poor smoke; ⑥ a secondary air mismatches; irrational ⑦ furnace structure; ⑧ oil spray angle is selected from with improper.

To conscientiously implement the CPC Central Committee and State Council "on the overall strengthening of environmental protection and resolutely fight pollution prevention advice tough fight" and "the State Council on the issuance of three-year winning the Battle of the blue sky plan of action," the spirit, boiler emissions control, prevention and treatment air pollution, the State environmental Protection Department to develop "boiler air pollutant emission standards." In order to further the implementation of air pollution control operations, all regions at the same time meet the national standard, but also have introduced a more stringent local standards.

From the implementation of the Beijing gas nitrogen oxide emission standards for boilers began 30mg, emissions from gas-fired boiler has been of great concern, expand around the "coal to gas" action, so that gas such devices become the most countries to promote clean energy boiler.

The transformation of the current common low nitrogen boiler, there are three main measures: (1) replacement of boilers, (2) replace the burner (3) in the boiler flue gas treatment.

Controlling the nitrogen oxide generated from the source, the most advanced technology on the market today is the use of flue gas recirculation techniques and FGR premix combustion gas boiler technology, both having different focus, low nitrogen emissions boiler.

Replace the boiler burner, renovation and debugging, and the impact on the safety performance of the resulting boiler, burner unit by the responsible manufacturer or his authorized. Beijing Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision, Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau issued the "Notice on the transformation of the low - NOx combustion safety risk warning" states: the transformation of low-nitrogen combustion boiler diverse, complex technology, to protect the smooth implementation of the work of reform, effective prevent security risks, prevent accidents, analysis and appraisal by experts, it is not recommended comprehensive safety, environmental factors, the following recommendations:

Nitrogen oxides have been generated by some means and then reduced to nitrogen, the main fuel reburning, selective catalytic reduction, selective non-catalytic reduction. But in the actual monitoring, the nitrogen oxide emissions controllability is poor.

The transformation of low nitrogen gas boiler is a need for long-term adherence and actively manage the work, under the premise to meet the national standards, do specifically address the specific circumstances, not blindly, careless handling, to adopt plans, goals, ideas implementation, to achieve a comprehensive upgrade gas boiler.

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