Several problems into a coal-fired boiler fuel gas boiler fired boilers changed several issues should be noted that the fuel gas boiler: fuel oil (l) high temperature corrosion of the fuel used in the boiler, containing an organic salt of a metal element as sodium, vanadium class, after combustion of the low melting point eutectic oxide crystals, generally of about 600 ℃, or even lower. These oxides sublimation at a high temperature furnace, then condensed in a lower relative temperature of the heated surface to form a high temperature corrosive fouling. Is characterized by high temperature corrosion: the metal began to appear at temperatures in excess of 580-620 deg.] C, the higher the temperature, the faster the etching. High temperature corrosion measures to prevent: l) the use of additives. Mainly magnesium, calcium oxide, hydroxide or dolomite (CaC03, MgCO3) and the like, these additives can generate a high melting point compound with the component acting in a high temperature fouling, the fouling becomes loose and shape, so as to avoid or mitigate high temperature corrosion. 2) use high temperature materials with good corrosion resistance, high temperature corrosion resistant chromium steel is better than the nickel-chromium steel. 3) coated with a protective film. Susceptible to corrosion in high temperature heating surface ceramic surface coating, a silicon carbide or silicon nitride special coatings, the heated surface may be aluminized other treatment to improve its high temperature resistance. 3) coated with a protective film. Susceptible to corrosion in high temperature heating surface and other surface-coated ceramics, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, or special coatings, the heated surface may be aluminized other treatment to improve its high temperature performance rot cloud. (2) low temperature corrosion in fuel sulfur generated during the combustion S02, since the fouling atomic oxygen present in the furnace and the convection heating surface and catalytic oxide film, SO2 is further oxidized to S03. S03 and H2S04 vapor in flue gas generated in conjunction with, the dew point of the flue gas containing the sulfuric acid vapor is greatly increased, when heated wall temperature below the dew point of sulfuric acid vapor will condense on the walls, and corrosion of the metal wall. Usually low temperature corrosion It occurs at the end of the air preheater of the boiler. Thus when burning high sulfur fuel, care must be taken to prevent low temperature corrosion. Prevent low temperature corrosion measures are: 1) low oxygen combustion. When the excess air at the outlet of the furnace lag coefficient down to 1.10 or less, for sulfur of the fuel oil used, the dew point of the flue gas will be significantly decreased, so as to avoid or mitigate low temperature corrosion. 2) use of additives. Sprayed into the furnace or flue additive in the curb generation of SO3 and to reduce the flue gas dew point temperature. Common additives solid (dolomite, limestone, magnesium oxide, and some special compound), the liquid (aqueous magnesium chloride solution, some oil soluble magnesium, calcium, zinc naphthenate compound) and a gas (ammonia gas, ammonia, three different ring) three categories. 3) raising the thermal wall temperature, so that it is higher than the dew point temperature of flue gas. Commonly used methods are: hot air recirculation inlet temperature of the air preheater increase; the installation of the heater core, air is heated by steam, a low temperature air preheater horizontal structure, the level of a horizontal pipe line is arranged an air preheater , the air flow in the pipe, the pipe between the smoke flow, erosion due to the lateral wall of the flue gas, the flue gas side heat transfer coefficient is increased to increase the wall temperature, more generally vertical wall temperature of the air preheater increase 20 ~ 25 ℃. 4) corrosion-resistant materials or corrosion resistant coating materials include glass, ceramics and the like; an anti-corrosion coating and had tried to enamel-coated surfaces like special steel anticorrosion paint. 5) timely sootblowing operation, and therefore should be a reasonable arrangement sootblowers. Fire and explosion of fuel failure (3) heating surface of the tail or incomplete combustion of atomized droplets gather in the tail of the heating surface, when it reaches ignition or explosion conditions, i.e., ignition and explosion may occur. The tail heating surface fouling aggravated by the possibility of aggregation of the oil droplets. Therefore, when coal-fired boilers into oil-fired boiler, burner should be correct and rational selection and delivery, and strictly develop from the induced draft fan. Rules and procedures for shutdown and normal operation to ensure good fuel atomization, with the wind reasonable. At each of the heating surface is arranged to be reasonable sootblowers. (4) determining the dew point temperature of flue gas is determined dew-point temperature of the flue gas has practical significance for the design and operation of flue gas dew point temperature factors influence mainly sulfur fuel ink, excess air coefficient, water vapor in the flue the amount of sulfur / cement ratio and combustion.
Yesterday we learned that the Guangdong Province to increase pollution control efforts by the provincial people's government approval, Guangdong Province Market Supervisory Authority, the ecological environment of Guangdong Province, Guangdong Province, recently issued jointly approved by local standards "boiler air pollutant emission standards." Compared to the original standard, including contaminant particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, etc. received strict emission limits help to further reduce the total emissions of air pollutants.
Provincial Department of environment-related offices responsible person, the current Guangdong Province "Boiler Air Pollutants Emission Standards" promulgated and implemented more than eight years, with advances in pollution control technology, emission control requirements of its apparent leniency. Meanwhile, Guangdong air pollution control task is arduous, urgent need to close strict standards, further reducing the total emissions of air pollutants.
Guangdong "boiler air emission standards" in the context of the implementation province domain for coal, the material forming the fuel oil, gas and raw fuel 65 tons of steam per hour and less steam boilers, hot water boilers of various capacities and Heat Transfer Material Heater; stoker various capacities, stoker furnace.
The new "boiler air pollutant emission standards" (DB44 / 765-2019) to adjust six major areas.
A clear the raw fuel material forming air pollutants emission limits fuel boiler;
Second, the received strict emission limits boiler air pollutants, increasing the emission limits coal boiler mercury and its compounds;
Third, the abolition of provisions different emission limits by functional area and boiler capacity;
Fourth, in particular an increase of atmospheric pollutant emission limit requirements;
Fifth, increase the fugitive emission control requirements;
Sixth, the excess air ratio conversion flue gas pollutants to the atmosphere of pollutants emission concentration of the reference oxygen content conversion, the oxygen content of the clear reference atmospheric pollutants fired boiler burning biomass.
The new standard in the province gamut execution, the execution time of the specific step-wise: new boiler effect since April 1 this year; the transformation of boilers give some time, depending on which region, from 1 July 2019 2020 or the date of July 1 implementation of the new standards.
Combustion gas treatment and a malfunction due to gas boiler burner ignition misfire bar: 1, the ignition bar gap interposed carbon residue with oil. 2, ignition rods fragmentation. moist. Leakage. 3, the distance between the ignition does not stick, too long or short. 4, ignition rods Insulation damage, short to ground. 5, ignition cable and transformer failure: cable, connector damage caused by a short circuit during ignition; transformer break or other fault occurs. Gas Burner fails, the action bar ignition misfire following five: Clear, renewal, adjust the distance, change and switching transformer. Second, the gas boiler the ignition spark rod misfiring but the reasons: 1, the disk space ventilation carbon cyclone is blocked, poor ventilation. 2, dirty oil nozzle clogging or wear. 3, the throttle angle is set too small. 4, the firing bar from the leading edge from the oil nozzle tip inappropriate (too protruding or retracted) 5, the first solenoid valve is an oil debris blocking gun (gun small kerosene). 6, oily or too viscous to flow easily clogged or the oil filtration system the valve is not opened, so that insufficient suction pump, oil pressure. 7, the filter pump itself blocked. 8, the oil more water (boiling abnormal noise within the heater). Gas boiler ignition spark rod action but misfiring are: clear; the first washing, such as not renewed; turndown test; adjusting the distance (in 3 ~ 4mm as well); Remove cleaning (cleaning the parts diesel) ; check the pipeline and oil filters, insulation equipment; peripheral screw pump removed, carefully remove the cover inside out net oil, diesel oil immersion; renewal of the test oil. Third, when the gas boiler and turn the fire a small fire normal, off, or flashing the causes of instability: 1, air volume damper setting fire too. 2, oil fires micro switch valve (damper outermost that group) inappropriate setting (set throttle air flow rate is greater than the fire). 3, oleaginous easy to spray viscosity is too high (heavy). 4, and the nozzle plate spacing cyclone inappropriate. 5, fire nozzle worn or dirty. 6, the preliminary fuel tank temperature is too high, so that the steam not smooth oil pump oil feed. 7, gas fired hot water boiler cost in muzaffarpur fuel oil water. When a small fire gas boiler normal and turn the fire extinguished or flashing instability action: Test gradually reduced; heating temperature; adjusting the distance (between 0 ~ 10mm); clean or replace; i.e., set to about 50 deg.] C may be; or drain oil change. Fourth, the noise increases gas boiler burner reasons: 1, cut-off valve is closed or the passage into the fuel shortage, an oil filter blockage. 2, the oil inlet temperature is low, the oil viscosity is too high or the temperature is too high the pump inlet. 3, oil pump failure. 4, fan motor bearing damage. 5, dirty fan impeller. Burner gas treatment increased noise: ① the check valve in the oil line is open, if the oil filter is working properly, the filter cleaning pump itself. ② heating oil or reduce the oil temperature. ③ Replace the oil pump. ④ replace motor or bearings. ⑤ cleaning fan wheel.
Gas-fired steam boiler plant accident management system, equipment or components of the gas steam boiler damage due to abnormal loss of accuracy, reach the level of accidents is the equipment failure. 2. The main gas steam boiler equipment failure rate evaluation, the failure rate under 23%. 3, less maintenance costs of a gas steam boiler of a device for the 500≤1000 yuan. Gas fired hot water boiler cost in muzaffarpur with environmental protection, energy conservation, safety, salient features fully automatic operation, and ease of use. In addition, due to the operation of the economy, government policies to encourage, gas hot water boiler more and more people of all ages. Steam boiler is an energy conversion device, the energy input to the boiler fuel chemical energy, electrical energy, thermal energy and other forms of high temperature flue gas, and after converting the boiler, the steam output having a certain outside thermal energy, high-temperature hot water or an organic carrier. Small, large, thin device 1000≤ membered or power outages caused by equipment failure company 10 minutes 30 minutes belong to ordinary accident. 4. Gas-fired steam boiler single piece of equipment maintenance costs more than 10,000 yuan, fine, big, thin device more than 30,000 yuan, or due to an accident caused power outages company for more than 30 minutes. The single gas steam boiler equipment maintenance costs more than 500,000 yuan, or accident due to equipment being shut down more than two days, shut down more than a week. Biomass boiler categories: biomass boilers Horizontal, vertical biomass boilers. Biomass gas thermal oil heaters, biomass steam boiler, biomass hot water boiler, biomass oil furnace. 6. Gas-fired steam boiler equipment accident occurs, stop immediately and on-site maintenance. Operator shall immediately report to the workshop, the workshop should be reported immediately to the production department, production department shall, jointly with relevant departments to seriously inspect the site. Responsibility to identify and deal with. When major or serious accident, the production department should ensure quality engineer reported within two hours. 7. Gas-fired steam boiler equipment accidents occur, three things must adhere to the principle of letting go (ie the cause of the accident is unknown, the responsibility for the accident and the masses have no education, no preventive measures), identify the causes and responsibilities, based on the circumstances giving administrative sanctions or financial compensation to punish people break the law according to the law.
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